I saw the movie “Inequality for All” starring Robert Reich, the former labor secretary for Bill Clinton and a very short guy (he’s 4′ 11″) who is pretty personable and funny. Reich uses his day job as a university professor while teaching a class to illustrate his thoughts on inequality from the movie.
In the movie he attempts to link:
– decline in average wages, in “real” terms (adjusted for inflation)
– growth in the highest wages (the top 1%)
– with various factors, including globalization, automation, declines in unions, and the financial bubble
– income inequality with lower marginal tax rates on the rich
There are certainly some concepts in here than anyone can agree with. It would be good if more people in the USA earned a higher salary, had better educations, and were more productive.
In the movie he mentions Warren Buffett, who famously pays a lower marginal tax rate than everyone else in his office, which is due to the fact that he receives long term capital gains and dividend income which are taxed at a lower rate. This is grist for the “raise taxes on the wealthy” discussion, as Buffett plays the likable old man. However, what he fails to mention is that Warren Buffett is the very candidate that the ESTATE TAX is designed to catch… rather than nickel and dime him every year on his assets as they rise in value (and cause friction and force him to sell them off to meet the tax bill), the estate tax would be levied on the super rich and it would effectively make up for the lower marginal rate during his lifetime by taxing increases on his wealth at a rate of 40%, for all amounts greater than about $5M. However, Warren Buffett is choosing to “evade” these taxes by setting up trusts and / or giving it away to his favorite causes; if Warren couldn’t avoid his estate tax through these loopholes (the same way you or I can’t avoid the payroll or sales taxes) then 40% of his $60B estate ($24B) would go to the Federal government, to fund the “investments in people” that Robert Reich is so passionate about. Funny that Reich didn’t call that out (didn’t follow his narrative, apparently).
Another element he fails to mention is the growth in illegal immigration in the USA, and the havoc that this causes with unskilled labor (as they are willing to work for far less). It is funny because two professions he specifically mentions, meat packing and short order cooks, are magnets for immigrants and their arrival is a direct cause for falling wages in these fields. Not surprisingly, Reich didn’t want to alienate a core Democratic group.
There is a rich “pillow manufacturer” who makes $10M+ / year who also describes how ridiculous it is in his opinion that his marginal rate isn’t higher. That same entrepreneur says that he invests in “funds of funds” and due to this he makes money without creating any jobs. That is quite a statement – what do you think those hedge funds invest in? They invest in commodities, stocks, real estate and debt (I’m assuming). When you are an investor and you provide money for stock and debt you are supporting companies that, in turn, hire staff. I can’t believe that Reich let this comment slide, but since it was what Reich wanted to hear, why interject?
Finally we get to the biggest blown point in the article, about unions; that while union-led companies stagnate and die (see US auto manufacturers, airlines, most other private sector unionized businesses), in non-union states primarily in the South there are many manufacturers that create world-class products and pay good wages. Certainly the wages don’t compare with the ’70s when unions were at their zenith (and productivity was miserable), but they are important economic engines and have brought many areas out of poverty and created industries which drive more investment. He fails to see that economic growth and improvement can and often is done without unions, especially in the USA where there are still many other elements that protect workers.
The core of this documentary, that the US has high and growing inequality, is true. The fact that we are higher than many other nations is also true. However, anyone who has even set foot in the REAL countries that we will compete with in the future (such as China, India or Russia on oil and gas), will note that they have gargantuan inequality that the USA can’t even touch. It doesn’t matter what the Netherlands does, or these other smaller countries. Those aren’t the competitors. In China workers have few rights and productivity is growing rapidly; in India the immensely rich build giant skyscrapers for their families and are billionaires while the destitute are everywhere. For Saudi Arabia and the other gulf countries, the problem is even crazier; their own citizens may be relatively equal, but all the work is done by laborers from other countries who are paid a pittance and are often ill-treated, to boot.
For all this, Reich is a likable guy, and seems to believe what he is saying. If we could some how create conditions that generated good jobs for many people and moved them up the ladder, that would be a great thing. At least he wasn’t outright calling for them to all be employed by the government.
Cross posted at LITGM