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  • Book Review – “Blitzed”

    Posted by Carl from Chicago on June 13th, 2017 (All posts by )

    Blitzed is a book by Norman Ohler about drugs and Germany during WW2. The book also appears to comprehensively demonstrate how these drugs impacted military tactics and operations for the German troops and also how they altered strategy at the highest levels.

    From a tactical and operational perspective, I can see how the narrative of the use of drugs to push troops to move faster and work at night aligns with my understanding of the early years of WW2. The Germans did cover ground rapidly during the early years of the Blitzkrieg and absolutely outfought the Allies (overall) at night. They also managed more sorties for their air force per plane and were more effective at leveraging their military assets (also through battlefield recovery at night of damaged equipment). Compared to WW1, especially, the distances that the German troops covered during the Blitzkrieg phases of 1939-41 were amazing and their combat power remained strong.

    From a strategic perspective, the book attempts to align the delusional attack known as “the Battle of the Bulge” in late 1944 to the use of drugs by the supreme commander, which would account for his thoughts that this shock attack could break the will of the Allies to fight. This is an interesting line of thought and if we had perfect information we would attempt to match the various drugs he was prescribed on top of the decisions that were made during different battles and campaigns during WW2.

    I have seen a number of reviews of this book and most of them seem to think that there is a strong basis of fact. However, there are often bitterly contested reviews, especially with regards to the more sweeping generalizations that were translated as “everyone was on drugs”. Those discussions, to me, are more of a “corner case” of the key findings related to 1) the impact of drugs on the combat power of early war German formations 2) the impact of drugs on decision making at the highest levels of command. I would love to hear from other authors interested in this topic to see how it aligns with their opinions.

    Cross posted at LITGM

     

    2 Responses to “Book Review – “Blitzed””

    1. Mike K Says:

      I have not seen this and know nothing about the use of drugs by the German army.

      I do know that the Japanese army used amphetamines extensively.

      I have a whole section on this in my history of medicine book. They had large stores of amphetamines in Japan after the war and there were problems with addiction. Methamphetamine paranoia was seen in post war Japan. In 1958, an amphetamine blocker was synthesized. It was called “haloperidol” and became the first effective schizophrenia drug since chlorpromazine. It is called “Haldol” and is still in use.

    2. Grurray Says:

      The prologue to the Crusades, the Peasant’s Crusade may have been faciliated by an epidemic of ergotism, which caused mass hysteria and delusions. A lot of other early medieval political and religious occurrences have been attributed to ergot poisoning, but they’re mostly unsubstantiated. However, there’s no doubt that it was a serious problem that afflicted poor malnourished peasants. It isn’t a stretch to conclude that it contributed to violent outbreaks in Europe.