Rudy Giuliani during his speech at the convention:
Terrorism did not start on September 11, 2001. It had been festering for many years.
And the world had created a response to it that allowed it to succeed. The attack on the Israeli team at the Munich Olympics was in 1972. And the pattern had already begun.
The three surviving terrorists were arrested and within two months released by the German government.
Action like this became the rule, not the exception.
Well, back in ’72 nobody was prepared for such attacks, except may be the Israelis. And the three terrorists were set free in exchange for the passengers of a hijacked Lufthansa plane. At the time we had no way to deal with this kind of situation, so I don’t see how the authorities had much choice. Up to that time West Germany had avoided the training of special operations groups, so that the rest of Europe wouldn’t become nervous.
Anyway, due to such humiliating incidents such restraints went right out the window and the counter terrorism group GSG 9 was founded, which has performed very well so far:
While other CT [counter terrorism] teams were created because of the Munich Olympics, GSG-9 has distinction because the massacre in 1972 was, at least in part, directly attributed to the German police’s lack of preparation and training for such trials. Because of this failure, GSG-9 was created and was considered operational on April 17, 1973–six months after the massacre in Munich.
GSG-9s best known mission is the 1977 takedown of a terrorist held Lufthansa 707 in Mogadishu, Somali. A team of two men and two women hijacked the plane, demanding the release of Baader-Meinhof terrorists held in German jails. After the captain of the plane was killed, the German Government ordered GSG-9 in.
They arrived at 17:30 hours on 17, October 1977. Two SAS officers were along to “observe” the takedown; They brought the new “flash-bang” stun grenades with them. Members of GSG-9 and the two SAS troopers begin approaching the aircraft from the rear. At 23:50, with the help of the local Somali military, diversions were set up to distract the terrorists. They were told their demands had been met. Then a huge bonfire set by the Somali special forces began to burn 100 yards in front of the plane. At 00:05 (12:05 for those of you who can’t read military time) the assault began.
Climbing up the rubber tipped ladders, 20 GSG-9 operators forced their way into the aircraft and tossed the flash-bang grenades towards the cockpit. One female terrorist was encountered immediately and killed. Another raced to the rear of the aircraft and barricaded herself in a toilet. She was critically wounded by a burst from an MP-5, but survived.
Two minutes after the assault began, the fuselage of the aircraft is secure and the evacuation of passengers begins as the battle rages for the cockpit. The leader of the terrorists tosses two fragmentation grenades at the GSG-9 operators; these detonate under a row of seats and do little harm. The leader is then dispatched by a burst of 9mm from a MP-5. The fourth and final terrorist is killed when the leader and father of GSG-9, Ulrich Wegener, places several .38 rounds into his head. Eleven minutes after the assault begins, the aircraft is secure, with no losses.
It seems that this incident went right down the Anglo Saxon memory hole, even though it was global news back then. I suppose Giuliani knows about it, for it would weaken his message.
This is also interesting in this context: CONVICTION OF MOHAMMAD HAMADEI
Mr. SPECTER. Mr. President, recently I addressed the Senate on the occasion of the conviction of Lebanese terrorist Fawaz Yunis in Federal district court. Today, I take this opportunity to call to the attention of my colleagues another important development in the battle against international terrorism. On May 17, a West German court convicted Mohammad Ali Hamadei of murder and air piracy and sentenced him to life imprisonment. The conviction of Hamadei, like the conviction of Yunis before it, sends an important message to terrorists around the world about the determination of the civilized world to root out and punish terrorist acts.
The facts of the Hamadei case shock the conscience. On June 14, 1985, Trans World Airline flight 847 departed Athens International Airport enroute to Rome, Italy with 153 passengers and crew on board, most of them Americans. Approximately 10 minutes into the flight, two hijackers, later identified as Mohammad Hamadei and Hasan ‘Izz-al-din, commandeered the aircraft and ran through the plane brandishing hand grenades and a pistol while randomly striking the seated passengers on the head, neck, and shoulders with their weapons. The hijackers forced Chief Stewardess Uli Derickson to the flight deck area and gained access to the cockpit. The hijackers then pistol-whipped the flight crew inside the cockpit and ordered the pilot to fly to Algiers. The aircraft ultimately flew between Beirut and Algiers several times during the next 2 days while the hijackers retained control of the plane.
Once in control of the aircraft, the hijackers ordered Derickson to collect all passports and separate those of U.S. citizens and military personnel. The terrorists then ordered the military personnel into the first-class section one at a time for questioning, beginning with Navy diver Robert Stethem. The hijackers bound his arms together with an electrical cord, cutting off his circulation, and beat him until he was unconscious. Several other passengers were also beaten. Stethem regained consciousness, only to be shot in the head in cold blood. The hijackers dumped his body onto the tarmac in Beirut before several more hijackers boarded the plane for its flight back to Algiers.
The terrorists eventually abandoned the plane after its final landing in Beirut. Thirty-nine passengers were removed from the aircraft and held hostage in various locations in Beirut for 17 additional days before they finally were freed on June 30, 1985.
Hamadei, a Lebanese Shiite Muslim, was arrested in Frankfurt, West Germany. A number of the Members of this body, including this Senator, believe that the West Germans should have extradited Hamadei to the United States to stand trial in Federal district court, but that did not come to pass. While I regret the West German decision not to honor our extradition request, I commend the Germans for bringing this terrorist to justice and I applaud the West German court for imposing the maximum sentence of life imprisonment upon Hamadei.
Before you are ready to oppose terrorists effectively, you have to have prior experience and get your nose bloodied.
The United States also needed time to get up to speed. Here are some examples:
– In 1984, the CIA station chief in Beirut was abducted, tortured and then beheaded. His death was never avenged, even though the guilty party is known by name and affiliation. There also were numerous abductions of American citizens during that period, and for those there also weren’t any reprisals.
– In October 1983, the Marine barracks in Beirut was bombed, with a deathtoll of 241. There was no direct military response to the attack, and in February 1984 the International peacekeeping force was withdrawn, including the Marines.
As to the present situation: While the war on Iraq was the right thing to do, opposition to it shouldn’t be mistaken as attempts to appease terrorists. Most Europeans and their governments simply saw no connection between Al Queda and Saddam Hussein, and a lot of that opposition was motivated by opportunism, not fear. There simply is no tradition appeasing terrorists in Europe, that’s just something Americans like to tell to each other.