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  • The Royal Navy

    Posted by Carl from Chicago on June 11th, 2008 (All posts by )

    One of my favorite Seinfeld episodes has George getting into a fight with a clown who doesn’t remember “Bozo” the clown, his favorite. The clown shoots back at George, saying:

    “You’re living in the past, man!”

    I had the same sentiment while reading my favorite magazine, “Strategy and Tactics“. This magazine covers military history and related articles from ancient times to the present day. Besides having great articles, the magazine also has very few advertisements, which means that it is quick and to the point. While we don’t shill for anyone at the blog, we do promote what we like, and every year I buy a subscription for myself, Dan and now Gerry on the blog (Gerry – if I never told you that, this is the reason for that yellow package you receive monthly).

    The article I immediately jump to is called “The First Arms race: German-British Naval Rivalry and the Opening of the Great War.” This article covers the fascinating time from the 1890’s until the early years of WW1 when Germany attempted to build an ocean going fleet that could challenge Britain. The box on the upper left is a brief biography of Tirpitz, the “mastermind” of German naval power.

    German naval power was an alien concept – Germany is predominately landlocked, facing powerful enemies on its frontiers (France and Russia). While they needed to raise mighty armies on the ground to take the battle to their opponents, the Navy took masses of money and valuable materials (steel and cannons) that could have been allocated elsewhere.

    The story is one I have read many times in various magazines, where “Jackie” Fisher revolutionized naval warfare with the all-big-gun Dreadnought, which instantly made other capital ships obsolete. While the Germans built many great ships, in the end the English fleet dominated the seas, climaxing in the “Queen Elizabeth” class with 15″ guns that performed well at Jutland, the major clash in the north sea in 1916 (unlike the battlecruisers). While the Germans won statistically, the British won because the Germans had to turn back and spent the rest of the war in port. The rest of their naval efforts were focused on unrestricted submarine warfare, and they came to an ignominious end when the German sailors rioted at war’s end and scuttled their fleet at Scapa Flow.

    After I read through a story I’d seen many times before (always interesting because writers focus on different details, or different what-if scenarios) and had that self-satisfaction of knowing the end, I kept on reading through the magazine. One of their sections is called “For Your Information” where various essayists write “short, pithy” articles for the column.

    In “Britain’s Royal Navy Today and Tomorrow” the author wrote a brief and excellent summary of today’s Royal Navy and their plans for the immediate future. From the article:

    “On March 23, 2007 a total of 15 British sailors and Royal Marines on patrol off the HMS Cornwall were seized by Iranian patrol boats and taken prisoner. Possessing a fleet that amounts to little more than a collection of aging frigates and destroyers supplemented by a trio of small aircraft carriers, Britain lacked the means to rescue that personnel… inflicting on the Royal Navy one of the greatest humiliations in their modern history.”

    Wow. That pithy paragraph summarizes today’s reality, not the giant ships of the line, dedication and bravado that the term “Royal Navy” conjures in my head.

    While the article continues by describing the newly improved armaments coming on line to upgrade the Royal Navy in order to deal with situations such as this, and how they plan to deploy these vessels, it still leaves me shaking my head. I need to accept today’s reality, and the past glories even of WW1 vintage are as distant as reading about Trafalgar 200 years ago.

    Cross posted at LITGM

     

    4 Responses to “The Royal Navy”

    1. Lexington Green Says:

      Well, in fact, the British could have hurt the Iranians in retaliation, and they probably should have. But the larger point is correct.

      Just as the USA under-spent on naval power during the period 1815-1860, relying on the Royal Navy to secure the seas, so the Brits are to some extent doing the same thing now in reliance on us. However, the Royal Navy is still a high quality force, but it will never be what it was relative to the other great powers. It does not have to be. It has to be able to participate in coalition operations with its allies. I hope the Brits continue to invest in an expeditionary navy, and don’t go all the way down in the direction they seem to be headed.

    2. steve Says:

      I agree that was really embarrassing for the Royal Navy. However, boarding parties (and their boats) have been scooped up by their opponents for hundred of years. Sometimes they go easy; sometimes there’s a fight.

    3. Mace Says:

      For a lot more on this topic I’d recommend Raymond K. Massie’s very excellent book “Dreadnought”

      http://www.amazon.com/Dreadnought-Robert-K-Massie/dp/0345375564

    4. zenpundit Says:

      I second Mace’s recommendation.

      Tirpitz led his country astray, all his naval program brought Imperial Germany in the end was the grand strategic disaster of making an enemy of Great Britain. For Germany, a large Navy was a superfluous luxury, an ornament. The only militarily useful ships for Germany’s vital interests were the u-boats which they did not have in sufficient numbers in either World War.

      For the British, Germany’s naval race was simply a matter of life or death and the Admiralty and foreign office looked to “lock up” other powerful navies ( French, Japanese, American)in Britain’s corner