In 1930, Robert Robinson–a black toolmaker working for the Ford Motor Company in Detroit–accepted a one-year assignment to apply his skills in the Soviet Union. He didn’t get out until 1974. His first renewals of his Soviet residency were voluntary; his later residency there, not so much.
Robinson gives a detailed account of day-to-day life in the Soviet Union and of the attitudes he encountered toward blacks and Americans; he also comments on the postwar rise of anti-Semitism. His book gives a good feel for what it must be like to live in an environment where everything you can do is entirely dependent on the government. He describes, for example, the joy of the peasants when Malenkov briefly replaced Stalin and it was announced that “all peasants are free to sell to sell their personally grown agricultural products in the free market.”
The Russian peasants were ecstatic. That night, as we were finishing dinner, we heard people singing in the distance. We went outside and saw more than two hundred peasants holding torches, dressed in prerevolutionary clothing, and heading our way. When they reached our building, several accordionists started playing music and peasants of all ages began dancing. Soon an elderly woman mounted the stairs, asked for quiet, and sang a song praising Malenkov as the savior of Russia….The peasants celebrated until around 10:30PM that night and for the two nights that followed.
The celebration was premature, however, because Georgi Malenkov was soon removed as first secretary of the Central Committee. And even if he had remained in power, of course, there is no certainty that the peasant-friendly agricultural policy would have been retained for very long.
The state even interfered in Robinson’s romantic life: when he and a Russian woman became interested in each other, she was told by officials that he was not an acceptable choice for her.
An interesting story, very much worth reading. Another worthwhile story by an American who went to work in the Soviet Union is Behind the Urals, by John Scott, who worked on the construction of Magnitogorsk–the “city of steel.”
Wikipedia article on Robinson here.